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Results for: 'Barr body'

X chromosome inactivation in calico cats

By: HWC, Views: 56

X chromosome inactivation causes a mosaic tissue effect in calico cats. what makes this female calico cat "calico." Like all mammals, this cat began her life as a single cell. That cell had two X chromosomes, one from each parent. One of the chromosomes carried a dominant allele for the ...

The Hypothalamus: The Body's Thermostat (Human Thermostat)

By: HWC, Views: 2535

Normal body function requires a relatively constant body temperature, which is regulated by the body's thermostat, a region of the brain called the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus generates a temperature set point for the body and appears to be the major site for the integration of temperature inf...

Factors that increase metabolic rate and heat production

By: HWC, Views: 3283

• All vital biochemical reactions are temperature dependent. • The overall rate at which metabolic reactions use energy is known as the metabolic rate. • Metabolic rate greatly determines body temperatures. • Temperature is maintained by balancing the loss of heat to the environment...

Dietary Cholesterol & LDL

By: HWC, Views: 2357

LDL comprises 60–70% of total blood lipoproteins and is responsible for carrying cholesterol particles throughout your body. Having a lot of cholesterol carried by LDL lipoproteins is associated with an increased risk of heart disease. In fact, the higher the level, the greater the risk. ...

HDL (high density lipoprotein)

By: HWC, Views: 2229

HDL cholesterol can be thought of as the “good” cholesterol. (So, in the case of HDL cholesterol, higher levels are actually better.) The body uses cholesterol to make hormones and vitamin D and to support digestion. HDL carries LDL (bad) cholesterol away from the arteries and back to t...

Hormonal feedback loop components

By: HWC, Views: 3166

The endocrine system maintains many body conditions within normal limits with feedback loops. Each endocrine feedback loop maintains homeostasis using the following components: ■ Stimulus - a change in a body condition. ■ Production cell - an endocrine cell that produces a hormone after b...

Humerus Adduction Animation

By: Administrator, Views: 6053

Types of body movement that occur at the diarthrotic joints: - Abduction - Adduction - Circumduction - Dorsiflexion Movement can occur in one plane, like with a knee bend, or in multiple planes such as with a shoulder roll. Adduction occurs when a joint moves a part of the body toward the ...

Integumentary Anatomy

By: Administrator, Views: 6430

The integumentary system comprises the skin and its appendages acting to protect the body from various kinds of damage, such as loss of water or damages from outside. The integumentary system includes hair, scales, feathers, hooves, and nails. It has a variety of additional functions; it may serv...

Forming urine ( influencing factors), Forming dilute urine & Forming concentrated urine

By: HWC, Views: 3475

• The amount of urine produced by the nephron depends on : • Body fluid volume. • Body fluid composition. • Dilute urine is formed when the body is normally hydrated. • The medullary osmotic gradient determines the osmolarity of the filtrate. • Filtrate osmolarity increase...