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Results for: 'Insulin'

Introduction to Insulin

By: Administrator, Views: 4133

The islets of Langerhans are composed of three major types of cells: Alpha cells secrete glucagon, elevating blood sugar. Beta cells secrete insulin, maintaining normal blood sugar. Delta cells secrete somatostatin, which suppresses release of glucagon and insulin. Hyposecretion or inadequa...

Insulin (glucose uptake by body cells), glycogenesis and lipogenesis

By: HWC, Views: 1074

Insulin is the regulator that allows the sugar from the foods we eat (be it a piece of cake or a stick of celery) to enter our tissues and become part of the metabolic process. Insulin is made by the Islets of Langerhans, which are found in the pancreas of every person. As we previously mentio...

Introduction to Diabetes

By: Administrator, Views: 3991

Hyposecretion or inadequate use of insulin may result in diabetes mellitus (DM). Hypersecretion of insulin may result in hyperinsulinism. Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine system disorder of childhood. Symptoms include: Polyuria Polydipsia Polyphagia Management of DM durin...

How do the different types of chromatography work? (No Audio)

By: HWC, Views: 471

Chromatography is a term for a variety of techniques in which a mixture of dissolved components is fractionated as it moves through some type of porous matrix. A glass column is filled with beads of an inert matrix. The mixture of proteins to be purified is dissolved in a solution and passed ...

Proteins Defined, Hierarchy & Composition of Cells

By: HWC, Views: 718

Proteins are long chains of amino acids linked together by peptide bonds. Together with the other three biological macromolecules—carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids—proteins are the building blocks of cells. Proteins are the most complex and abundant biological macromolecules in cel...

Hyperglycemia Animation

By: Administrator, Views: 4266

Hyperglycemia means high (hyper) glucose (gly) in the blood (emia). Your body needs glucose to properly function. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes—when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't properly using or doesn...

Hypoglycemia Animation

By: Administrator, Views: 4110

Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels. This may result in a variety of symptoms including clumsiness, trouble talking, confusion, loss of consciousness, seizures or death. A feeling of hunger, sweating, shakiness and weakness may also be...

Protein Structure - Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary

By: HWC, Views: 804

A protein's first order structure, or primary structure, begins with the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain. The 20 different amino acids can be arranged in an infinite number of sequences. For example, the hormone insulin, which regulates the uptake of glucose from the blood into ce...

Glucose anabolism reactions: Glycogenolysis and Gluconeogenesis

By: HWC, Views: 1292

• Glucose not needed immediately is stored as glycogen. The process that creates it is glycogenesis. • When ATP is needed for body activities, stored glycogen is broken down by a process called glycogenolysis. • Glucose can be formed through two different anabolic reactions: • Glycog...