Calvin Cycle Explained!

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HWC

By: HWC

Date Uploaded: 10/10/2020

Tags: Calvin Cycle Explained!   clavin cycle animation   rubisco   ribulose bisphosphate   PGA   ATP   NADPH  

he light-independent reactions make sugars by way of a cyclic pathway called the Calvin cycle. The cycle begins when rubisco attaches a carbon from carbon dioxide to ribulose bisphosphate. The molecule that forms splits into two molecules of PGA. Each PGA gets a phosphate group from ATP and electrons from NADPH. The resulting intermediate, PGAL, is primed for a reaction. After six molecules of carbon dioxide have been fixed, 12 PGAL form. Two of the PGAL molecules combine to form the six-carbon sugar glucose. The glucose will enter other reactions that form carbohydrates. The remaining 10 PGAL get phosphate groups from ATP. This primes them for the reactions that regenerate RuBP, thus completing the cycle.

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