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Results for: 'organism's phenotype—'

Effect of the environment on coat color in the Himalayan rabbit Animation

By: HWC, Views: 2275

An organism's phenotype—the combination of traits that we observe—is the product of interactions between its genotype and the environment. For example. a Himalayan rabbit is completely white at birth. But within weeks, the fur on the rabbits ears, nose, tail. and lower legs darkens. The...

DNA Replication Factory and Protein

By: HWC, Views: 6176

DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) carries all the genetic information needed to re-create itself and to pass on the characteristics of the organism. The “factory” model of DNA replication hypothesizes a specific nuclear structure in which the molecular machinery for replication forks are brou...

Introduction to Genetics

By: Administrator, Views: 9540

Genetics is a branch of biology concerned with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms. Gregor Mendel, a scientist and Augustinian friar, discovered genetics in the late 19th-century. Mendel studied "trait inheritance", patterns in the way traits are handed down from p...

Energy Flow - Trophic Levels and Food

By: HWC, Views: 6257

All of these relationships between different species are founded on one thing: energy. Organisms get food in order to get energy, which is used by the organism for growth, maintaining health, and reproduction. We can classify the members of a community according to how they obtain food. Produc...

Molecules, Membrane Permeability and Structure

By: HWC, Views: 6187

Organisms are not isolated system at equilibrium and need to intake nutrients and electrolytes as remove wastes. Similarly Cells within an organism must also exchange compound by passing them through membrane. The permeability of a membrane is the rate of passive diffusion of molecules th...

Mendel's Principles of Inheritance (Father of Genetics)

By: HWC, Views: 6354

Gregory Johann Mendel, a monk living in the mid-1800's, is known as the "Father of Genetics" for his experiments with pea plants in the abbey garden. These experiments led him to deduce the fundamental law of genetics. Mendel was an Augustinian friar who entered, in 1843, the Abbey of St. Thom...

Glycolysis - Introduction to ATP and the burning of sugar

By: HWC, Views: 6796

Do you use sugar with your coffee or tea? Or do you occasionally drink a sport or soft drink? As millions of people do each day, they obtain energy from the sugar added or contained in these drinks. How can we understand this concept of energy within a sugar molecule? Let's take a tablespoon ...

Interspecific Competition Relationship - Competitive & Niche Differentiation

By: HWC, Views: 6347

In an environment with limited resources, any organisms that utilize the same resources will be in competition with each other. For example, let's look at two competing species of paramecium, a single-celled organism that feeds on bacteria. If we raise each of these species in isolation, both...

Transferring genes into plants Animation

By: HWC, Views: 4071

Researchers extract DNA from an organism that has a trait they want to introduce into a plant. The genetic donor can be a bacterial cell, a plant cell. or even an animal cell. The desired gene will be transferred into a plasmid, a small circle of bacterial DNA. The gene is cut out of th...

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