Mendel's Principles of Inheritance (Father of Genetics)




Gregory Johann Mendel, a monk living in the mid-1800's, is known as the "Father of Genetics" for his experiments with pea plants in the abbey garden. These experiments led him to deduce the fundamental law of genetics. Mendel was an Augustinian friar who entered, in 1843, the Abbey of St. Thomas in Brno, then the capitol of Moravia and now the second largest city in the Czech Republic. During an 8 year period from 1854-1863, Mendel carried out experiments in the abbey garden using the common garden pea plant, Pisum sativum, as his experimental organism. He presented his experimental results in a series of lectures entitled, "Experiments in Plant Hybridization" in 1865 to the newly formed Natural Science Society of Brno which he co-founded. A year later in 1866, Mendel published his work in the society's proceedings under the same title. His work went undiscovered by other scientists until the beginning of the 20th century when three biologists. independent of each other, rediscovered Mendel's paper and gave him priority for discovering what are now called Mendel's Principles of Inheritance.



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