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Results for: 'plant cell'

Transferring genes into plants Animation

By: HWC, Views: 110

Researchers extract DNA from an organism that has a trait they want to introduce into a plant. The genetic donor can be a bacterial cell, a plant cell. or even an animal cell. The desired gene will be transferred into a plasmid, a small circle of bacterial DNA. The gene is cut out of th...

Mendel's pea plant, Pisum sativum experimental

By: HWC, Views: 766

Mendel chose the garden pea plant, Pisum sativum, for experimental tests of his ideas about inheritance. Under normal circumstances, the garden pea plant is self-fertilizing. This cross-section shows the gamete-forming structures. Sperm-producing pollen grains form in the stamens. Eggs deve...

Plant Defense Mechanisms from Pathogens

By: HWC, Views: 2294

Plants and pathogens have coevolved such that pathogens can recognize plants by the sugars, or other molecules, they produce. Plants, in turn, can recognize pathogens by the molecules they produce. The ability to recognize pathogens allows plants to activate defense systems that can prevent wides...

Mendel's Principles of Inheritance (Father of Genetics)

By: HWC, Views: 2402

Gregory Johann Mendel, a monk living in the mid-1800's, is known as the "Father of Genetics" for his experiments with pea plants in the abbey garden. These experiments led him to deduce the fundamental law of genetics. Mendel was an Augustinian friar who entered, in 1843, the Abbey of St. Thom...

The Pressure Flow Model in a Plant

By: HWC, Views: 2217

The vascular system of plants has two transport tissues, called xylem and phloem. Xylem transports water and minerals, while phloem transports a variety of dissolved substances, including sugars and amino acids, throughout the plant. Water in the xylem always moves up, in the direction from th...

Mendel's Pea Experiment

By: HWC, Views: 2347

Sugar snap peas were common garden plants during Mendel's lifetime and many varieties undoubtedly grew in the abbey gardens. An avid gardener. this is where Mendel first made observations about pea plants. He noticed that certain characteristics of peas were passed from generation to generation. ...

What are the Parts of a Plant Cell?

By: HWC, Views: 2076

Every chloroplast in a plant cell is packed with stacks of flattened sacs called thylakoids. The thylakoid membranes contain chlorophyll, as well as most of the other components required for the light reactions of photosynthesis. The chlorophyll-containing structures within the membranes are c...

Pressure Flow Model Animation

By: HWC, Views: 2157

This apparatus of beakers A and funnels simulates the flow of a sucrose solution in the phloem of a plant. The funnels and connecting tube represent a sieve tube of the phloem. Differentially permeable membranes cap the funnels at the source and sink ends, allowing water, but not sucrose, to cros...

Monohybrid crosses

By: HWC, Views: 775

A monohybrid cross is a cross between two parents that breed true for different versions of a single trait. In this example, that trait is flower color. The allele that specifies purple flowers is dominant over the allele that specifies white flowers. The purple-flowered plant has two domin...