DNA Sequences - Dideoxy Sequencing

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HWC

By: HWC

Date Uploaded: 05/28/2020

Tags: homeworkclinic.com   Homework Clinic   HWC   DNA Sequences   radiolabeled primer   polymerase   dNTPs   ddNTPs   electrophoresis   autoradiographed  

A short, radiolabeled primer is annealed to the single-stranded DNA to be sequenced. The DNA serves as a template for in vitro DNA synthesis. The DNA-primer mixture is split into four separate tubes. DNA polymerase and a solution of dNTPs are added to each tube. One of the four 2',3' dideoxy-NTPs (ddNTPs) is mixed into each tube, at a concentration 100 times lower than the dNTP concentration. DNA polymerase uses the dNTPs to elongate the primer DNA. The occasional incorporation of a ddNTP terminates the polymerization reaction, since the absence of a 3' hydroxyl blocks addition of the next nucleotide. The ddNTPs are incorporated randomly, resulting in terminated fragments of different lengths. The terminated fragments from each of the four reactions are denatured and separated by size using gel electrophoresis. The gel is autoradiographed in order to visually detect the labeled DNA fragments. The resulting ladder is read from bottom to top. This represents the complementary sequence of the original DNA template.

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