Results for: 'Chromosome structural organization'
Chromosome structural organization/ Mechanisms for chromosome movement Animation
By: HWC, Views: 1399
How the chromosome is organized. At metaphase, the chromosomes are duplicated and are at their most condensed. In each chromosome, two identical sister chromatids are held together at a constricted region called the centromere. When a chromosome is condensed, interactions among chromosomal ...
Sister chromatids of a metaphase chromosome animation
By: HWC, Views: 3247
At metaphase, the chromosomes are duplicated and are at their most condensed. In each chromosome. two identical sister chromatids are held together at a constricted region called the centromere. When a chromosome is condensed, interactions among chromosomal proteins keep loops of DNA tightly ...
By: HWC, Views: 3291
This is a cell during metaphase I. For each pair of chromosomes, any gamete produced by this cell could contain either the maternal chromosome or the paternal chromosome. How many different combinations of maternal and paternal chromosomes are possible in the gametes produced by a cell with th...
X chromosome inactivation in calico cats
By: HWC, Views: 2200
X chromosome inactivation causes a mosaic tissue effect in calico cats. what makes this female calico cat "calico." Like all mammals, this cat began her life as a single cell. That cell had two X chromosomes, one from each parent. One of the chromosomes carried a dominant allele for the ...
Sex-Linked Traits! How are eye colors inherited in fruit flies?
By: HWC, Views: 4354
The eye color gene is located on the X chromosome (one of the sex determining chromosomes of Drosophila). White eye color is recessive. When a red eyed male mates with white eyed females, their daughters will have red eyes, but their sons will have white eyes.
Mechanisms for chromosome movement Animation
By: HWC, Views: 2257
At mitotic metaphase, the fully-formed spindle is composed of many microtubules that extend from the poles. Some of these, the kinetochore microtubules, are attached to the kinetochores of each chromosome. Kinetochores are located at the centromeres. At anaphase, sister chromatids separate and...
By: HWC, Views: 4935
The trp operon in E. coli contains five structural genes corresponding to enzymes that convert chorismate into tryptophan. The trpE gene contains a 5' untranslated region that plays an important role in the regulatory mechanism called attenuation. The 5' UTR contains four regions. Region 1 en...
By: HWC, Views: 3152
During interphase, the chromosomes will be duplicated in preparation for mitosis, which divides the chromosomes, and cytokinesis, which divides the cell's cytoplasm. In early prophase, the duplicated chromosomes begin to condense. Each chromosome consists of two sister chromatids joined at the...
Stages of Mitosis - Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Anaphase & Telophase
By: HWC, Views: 4970
In mitosis, the nucleus divides to produce two nuclei that are genetically identical to each other and to the parent nucleus. To prepare for division, the DNA replicates in the preceding interphase. Although the chromosomes are not yet compacted and visible as discrete bodies, we illustrate them ...